Here is some advice from researchers at the University of Maryland School of Nursing: Get your dementia elders outside in good weather.

“Fresh air and sunshine can do wonders to people’s spirit,” they say. Plus, “Research has shown that, when residents with dementia use outdoor spaces, agitation and aggression reduce, independence is promoted and memory recall is more likely to occur.”

Spending time outside (if health conditions allow) has been shown to improve social skills and sleep at night.

In addition, it gives residents the chance to be physically active through engagement in familiar activities.

“Have residents help sweep leaves and dirt off of deck or patio, pick up sticks, fill the bird feeder, and plant and water the flowers,” say researchers.

They will feel more like home, and their sense of self worth and wellbeing will improve as a result.


This information was directed towards the assisted living environment but can easily be translated into the personal or community family home.